Low Vaccination Rate And Trust

Jamaica’s COVID-19 vaccination take-up remains at a shockingly low level.  Many reasons are behind it but the primary two which have been highlighted since the first vaccine became available are low supplies of vaccines and secondly that there is a large portion of the country which is hesitant or reluctant to be vaccinated.

We are surrounded by people who, understandably coming from a place of fear, berate those who refuse to be vaccinated, calling them idiots, and we live with people who lay the blame for our lack of vaccines squarely on the feet of the big rich nations.  While I get where they are coming from they are missing the woods by focusing on the trees and not, at least in my eyes, asking the correct questions.

Question one, why is there such a high rate of hesitancy in the nation? Why is it that after seeing hundreds of our citizens, friends and family members succumb to this virus do so many people still refuse or hem and haw about being vaccinated? The easy answer is that they are idiots, but that then must be ruled out after further thought when we see highly intelligent people (even in the medical field) refusing to be vaccinated.

Another easy answer is that they have all been ‘red pilled’, a phrase which means that they have read one too many conspiracy theories and are now akin to Qanon supporters. This also must be discounted by and large when we realise that a lot of those who refuse to be vaccinated locally aren’t doing so because of Qanon but because of very real instances such as what happened in Pakistan or Nigeria or Tuskegee.

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This Issue With The Maroons Raises Serious Questions

The recent standoff by who have been alleged to be members of the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) on a ganja eradication mission and the Maroon community has stirred much conversation. On one side are people who state vehemently that the Maroons are not autonomous and should therefore shut up and fall under central government authority.  On the other are those who state that there are treaties which have been signed many moons ago.  We are then ritualistically shown these documents, and are told that they should be honoured and the Maroons left alone.

This is a touchy subject, one which brings up many emotions, and justifiably so.  It however shows how little education and attention have been given to our indigenous communities, resulting in a hatred and degrading of them; and it also shows how badly Jamaica needs to reassess its ties to Britain and craft a new constitution.

Like most people who know the history of the Maroons I am torn.  They fought for their freedom yes, but they won that freedom by becoming active agents — as their actions in the Morant Bay Rebellion show — of the enslavers. But then, I wasn’t there in those material conditions and given that choice, so I don’t truly know how I would act.

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Nothing Wrong With Countries Having An Agenda

China has an agenda, I think China has an agenda, beware of the Chinese agenda. These phrases and others like it are uttered by persons who are wary of interacting with China and are often used as a stockade form of defence to ward off persons who state that greater interaction with China would be beneficial to national development. This line of argument is so frequent that it has become monotonous, and drone-like in its repetitiveness but what does it really mean, and does it make sense in any logical way?

China has an agenda, is a phrase that began life within the US state department as a way to scare third world nations away from the mammoth Chinese investment which has been taking place for the past 20 years. We are told of debt traps, though to date no nation after 20 years has become a Chinese debtor client while nations continue to be held hostage to the US dollar. We are warned of severe trade imbalances and supply chain risks, though nary a word is mentioned about the domination of US exports and their ability to strangle nations at will.  And we are even told that they are promoting an imperialist and colonialist agenda, even though again after 20 years of this talking point they have launched no wars conquered no peoples and colonized nowhere and have all of one external military base in Djibouti where the US, France and others were invited by the government and UN to deal with the Somali piracy, the US on the other hand in this period has launched countless wars and offensive actions to accompany its 800 overseas bases.

Now I repeat that China is not colonialist or imperialist, it is a socialist country practising its form of economic development led by the state which controls the commanding heights of the economy. China has an agenda it is true, and that is to build a communist society as constantly repeated by the Communist Party (something many are quick to dismiss but then they are ready to run with lies such as there being no Nazis in Ukraine and believe people who have been shown to have constantly lied since at least Iraq war 2), but every nation organisation, person, animal and plant on this earth has an agenda, so to simply say China has an agenda and leave it there is not enough. What is its agenda? What is the agenda of the other nations? And what has the implementation of this agenda looked like in material terms?

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What Is China?

This is the question of the age which is currently on the minds of university professors, politicians, industrialists, and citizens, especially in the third world.

The question is as follows: Is China an imperialist nation with a colonialist policy as was and remains the case with the Western powers, or will it be the salvation of the global south lifting all boats and giving us that thing we have so long sought for, namely independence? This is not a trifling question or some mere thought experiment, rather it is a serious question which, if not answered correctly could spell the end of hopes of development, lead to us being forced into one camp or another against our will or worse  precipitate a global conflict. So we must look at the question with clear eyes and an open mind.

First, we must define imperialism and colonialism, words which are not mere abstractions but which have definitive meanings attached to specific actions. Imperialism can be described as a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through colonization, use of military force, or other means. Colonialism can be defined as the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically. Neither of these two definitions fit what China has been doing on the international stage. China is not extending its power through the coercive use of military force or practicing occupation or exerting full or partial control over other countries.

We can safely say, based on the definitions of the words, that China is not imperialist or colonialist so to label it as imperialist or colonialist is to misuse these words — words which, I repeat, have a specific meaning, and to misuse them in such a manner belies either ignorance or worse, ulterior motives and hidden agendas and must be avoided when discussing China as they do not reflect facts on the ground.

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The propaganda war is real

Following recent US sponsored protests in Cuba and among the Cuban far-right exile community I sent a letter to the local papers expressing support with the Communist Party and condemning the illegal blockade. To be honest I didn’t expect it to be published as the last few letters sent went nowhere, so I was a bit pleased to see it in the papers. I do have a question though, and that is why was the line referring to the NED and USAID removed from the letter? This may seem a petty question, the letter was published after all… But the removal of this line eliminates most of the key context and background of the events. It couldn’t have been removed for being false as various US governments have acknowledged that USAID and the NED act as trojan horses financing and training proxies used in their colour revolutions. One can only assume that the line was removed because it offended the higherups who in all likelihood have connections to USAID or the NED as these organisations openly admit to training and funding aspiring ‘journalists’. This is somewhat funny, this redaction of key facts, of necessary context amounting to censoring, is coming from a paper which has chided Nicaragua, Venezuela and Cuba for their handling of the media, the hypocrisy knows no bounds.

 The English-speaking Caribbean is not immune from the viruses which are the NED and USAID, they have sponsored some of our ‘best and brightest’, given them full scholarships in fields such as economics, government, and international relations, areas which are often targeted by the US when they seek to internally undermine a country. The left in this part of the world though not the largest or strongest must nevertheless be on guard against these entities and persons who out of one side of their mouth espouse all sorts of liberal fantasies and niceties while out of the other calling for our being shackled to an imperial power.

The propaganda war is real, it is insidious and subtle, and it is here, the local papers owned and operated by persons with vested interests in US imperialism cannot be trusted to provide the full truth or context. As the US continues its decline as the sole hegemon and the people of the region again realise that their destinies and national development lies away from the US dominated path the empire will fight like hell to retain its ‘near abroad’. We must be ready for this, we must be on guard against Haitian style operations, lawfare and the colour revolutions and to do this we must break the information blockade, name names and call the enemy as we see it…

Please see the letter as originally sent below and the published letter below that and note the differences…


The editor Sir/Madam,

For over 60 years, Cuba has been living under near-daily attacks by the US who has sought to overthrow her government, most openly by utilising an illegal and unilateral blockade against the island. The blockade against Cuba has robbed it of wealth and development and for over 30 years has been condemned by the UN General Assembly as illegal and against international law; this condemnation was reaffirmed on 23 June of this year by 184 member nations. During the past few days, Cuba has experienced what some have termed as ‘spontaneous’ protests against the government, condemning the governing Communist Party and calling for its overthrow. It must be noted during these times that these supposed spontaneous groups engaging in protest have in fact been sponsored and, in some cases, trained by the US and have the open and vocal backing of Trump-aligned US politicians such as Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz. It must also be noted that while anti-government protests were small in their numbers, the counter=protests in support of the government were in their hundreds of thousands and in one instance numbering 1 million people in an island home to 11 million.

It is clear where the support of the people lies, and it is with the governing Communist Party. Protests against the government were not met with police squads and violence the type of which we are accustomed to seeing from French and US protests; rather they were allowed to spew their lies without confrontation in the streets unmolested. The President of Cuba, Miguel Diaz-Canel did what no US president has done and what other presidents do in the knowledge that they will end up like Macron. He walked amongst his people leading the revolution which they are defending and which the foreign-backed mercenaries wish to see toppled.

Groups such as USAID and the NED have openly acknowledged that they have cells in Cuba, have trained persons to work to overthrow the government and that they are placed in sectors which they think will have the most influence with the young. These anti-government protests are not spontaneous nor are they genuine. The social media campaign was run by accounts which were newly created or dormant for a long time. The government has never had a problem with people being against their policies or even against them; the problem is and will remain with people who wish to use illegal means to overthrow a government backed by the people. The problem is with an opposition which sells itself out to the imperialists and wishes to see the US return to that nation and destroy its marvellous progress and achievements.

We must stand with the Cuban people and the Communist Party of Cuba, especially in these times. As the military head of the US southern command finishes his rounds we can safely assume that the region will be in for aggression from the US; we who oppose imperialism must be alert to their actions if we are to stand up to them and defend the revolutionary movements which are currently exercising power or seeking to exercise power. Long live the Cuban Revolution! ¡Patria o muerte! ¡Socialismo o muerte! ¡Venceremos!

Yours truly,

Alexander Scott


The Editor,

For over 60 years, Cuba has been living under near-daily attacks from the US which has sought to openly overthrow the Government by utilising a blockade against the island.

The blockade against Cuba has robbed it of wealth and development, and for over 30 years has been condemned by the UN General Assembly as illegal and against international law. This condemnation was reaffirmed on June 23 by 184-member nations.

During the past few days, Cuba has experienced, what has been called, spontaneous protests against the Government, condemning the governing Communist Party of Cuba and calling for its overthrow. It must be noted that during these times, these supposed spontaneous groups engaging in protest have had the open and vocal backing of Trump-aligned US politicians such as Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz. It must also be noted that while anti-Government protests were small in their numbers, the counter-protests in support of the Government numbered in the hundreds of thousands and, in one instance, one million people in an island of 11 million.

It is clear which government has the support of the people, and it is the governing Communist Party. Protests against the Government were not met with police squads and violence, the type which we are accustomed to seeing at French and US protests; rather, they were allowed to spew their lies without confrontation in the streets. The President of Cuba Miguel Díaz-Canel did what no US president has done and what other presidents do in the knowledge that they will end up like Emmanuel Macron. He walked amongst his people, leading the revolution which they are defending and which the foreign-backed mercenaries wish to see toppled.

These anti-Government protests are neither spontaneous, nor genuine. The social media campaign was run by accounts which were newly created or have been dormant for a long time. The Government has never had a problem with people being against their policies or even against them; the problem is, and will remain, with people who wish to use illegal means to overthrow a Government backed by the people. The problem is with an Opposition which sells itself to the imperialists and wishes to see the US return to the nation to destroy its marvellous progress and achievements.

We must stand with the Cuban people and the Communist Party of Cuba, especially in these times; we who oppose imperialism must be alert to the actions of the US if we are to stand up to them and defend the revolutionary movements which are currently exercising power or seeking to exercise power.

Long live the Cuban Revolution! ¡Patria o muerte! ¡Socialismo o muerte! ¡Venceremos!

Alexander Scott

Beyond The Gig Economy

The world has and continues to endure a pandemic the likes of which we have not seen since the Spanish flu and whose impact on the work world is akin to that of the black death in the 1400s. Certainties have been shown to be uncertain, things which were impregnable now totter and those things which were once tottering now seem as if they are ready to fall at any moment.

Jamaica has not been immune from this — workers losing jobs permanently or temporarily, hours being cut resulting in a cut in wages, all of this is coupled with the increase in the cost of living as oil and gas — the grease of our mechanized life — constantly inch up.

As we discuss reopening the economy, which was forced to close up shop due to this life-threatening virus, we need to ask ourselves what kind of economy are the Government (and Opposition) going to open up or create from the ashes of this pandemic, and conversely what type of economy should we be creating when we open up and how can it be achieved?

From what can be garnered, based on pronouncements from the State, a gig economy is what they wish to create. The gig economy can be described as ‘a labour market characterized by the prevalence of short-term contracts or freelance work as opposed to permanent jobs’. These jobs are seen in their fullest extent and rawest form in the hospitality sector and the business process outsourcing (BPO) sector. We can base this on the fact that the Prime Minister, Education Minister, and Health Minister, have stated that the BPO sector remains a key pillar for them as they pursue national development, that schools will be geared towards these jobs in the service sector, and even going so far as to state that a main reason for the Education Ministry’s push in improving English Language skills is to better meet the demands of the industry (as opposed to building students who can provide real productivity in meaningful jobs).

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Long live the Sandinista Revolution

In recent weeks Nicaragua, a nation never far from the minds of western intelligence agencies, has once again become a hot topic in the global media even popping up in our local papers. The nation, which is soon to have an election, is on the lips of The Guardian, New York Times, Wall Street Journal and more due to the fact that reporters and politicians have been arrested. Reading these papers, one would be forgiven for thinking that the nation has fallen into the hands of a dictator, that people en masse are being rounded up and that dissent, especially the peaceful variety, has been all but silenced.

The media shows proof of this by giving us what is admittedly a long list of journalists and politicians who have been locked up by the state and persons who have fled the state seeking to arrest them, but as with everything in this world and especially news dealing with nations that are deemed enemies of the West, all is not is as it would seem to be when looked at with sober eyes not blinded by partisan politics.

Context, that is a thing which always seems to be lacking with these news reports, and context is always important when presenting a story or relaying information of events in the world, so let us lay out the context for recent events in Nicaragua.

To do this we must begin in 1979, when the FSLN movement ousted the Somoza dictatorship. This movement was and remains a broad national front which is dominated by members who are ideologically left-wing (socialists, Marxists, communists etc), but as a broad national front also includes capitalists, the clergy and everything in between. From day one this government was targeted by the US sponsored, trained, and armed contra movement whose aim was to overthrow the revolutionary FSLN government and re-instate a dictatorship amenable to the US. After 11 years of terrorism the people of Nicaragua voted to remove the FSLN movement so that the contras would end their rampage through the country which after all had the express aim of destabalising the country until the FSLN were removed.

In 2006, some 16 years after the people were terrorized into removing the FSLN, they were voted back into office and the movement which still retains its eclectic but left dominated mix, resumed where it left off in creating a nation which would be independent of US dictates and lift the standard of living of its population. Sanctions were re-imposed on Nicaragua shortly after and remain in place, and the US did what it does best, through USAID it sponsored the opposition and funded NGOs and journalists, turning them into tools of US imperialism (though truth be told many of these people were members of the contras in the 80s).

In 2018, violence erupted in Nicaragua with FSLN members along with citizens who had no political leanings whatsoever being lynched in the streets, women raped, children killed, and police outposts firebombed and under a hail of constant gunfire, all committed by far-right thugs. The perpetrators were known to be sponsored by the US, UK, Canada, the EU and their ‘aid’ agencies and the state once calm had been restored as opposed to handing out lengthy jail sentences (as is the case in the UK, France, and the US) gave them a slap on the wrist and sent them on their way. The violence was disproportionately one sided and came from the US backed opposition, the police were begging to be given the order to retreat of fight back, but the state said no. The army was ready to go out and restore order by dealing with the renegades and coup mongers, but the government said no those days of the army killing citizens left with Somoza. It was the people who on 2018 ended the violence, it was the brave men and women in the cities, the campesinos in the countryside and university students who restored order and subverted the US backed coup.

Now that in 2021 these people, these coup mongers, have received their just rewards and have either been banned from running in election or arrested for breaching Nicaraguan law the West led by the US that paragon of virtue is crying foul and labeling Ortega a dictator. The truth is they have broken the law, USAID has been banned from Nicaragua and accepting money from them is a crime with persons and institutions which do so being liable for arrest and being wound up. Where in this scenario of Chamorro and co, persons who were not only known to be trying to overthrow the government, but openly bragged about trying to oust Ortega in 2018 being barred from elections or arrested can the state be deemed in the wrong? Is it in upholding national law, abiding by court rulings, following the will of the people or the defence of national integrity that they have messed up or some other area?

The US as we all saw during the Trump presidency will arrest you if they think you are working for a foreign country (or at least the wrong foreign country), the electoral laws of Jamacia have sanctions for parties which accept foreign donations, and the list of nations goes on. Why is Nicaragua any different in that when it aims to uphold its laws that it comes under threat? Why do they warrant weeks of news ink, for that matter, why does the government of Bolivia come under attack for arresting their coup plotters or Cuba condemned for arresting dissident artists?

We know why these actions are taken by the Nicaraguan, Cuban and Bolivian governments and it is not because they fear or despise opposition. Anyone who has spoken to people in or from those nations know they will freely express criticism and sometimes very scathing criticism of their governments, that is not the issue. The attempted violent overthrow of the government is the problem and we in the global south who have been on the receiving end of this sort of ‘western concern’ know to think twice when we see even the Antiguan ambassador to the OAS, a man who genuinely means well, express concern over Nicaragua. The concern is not the Nicaraguan government and their arrests and barring of politicians but of continued US aggression against Nicaragua. It is their use of internal proxies which forces Nicaragua to take measures which seem extreme at first but upon closer examination are revealed to be the only logical option.

Yes, Nicaragua is arresting some members of the opposition and some members of the journalistic community, but that is not the beginning and to omit the reasons for their arrest or feeling the need to flee does an injustice to the Nicaraguan people who have repeatedly said no to these quislings and compradors and does a disservice to people across the world who wish to know the truth of the matter in that nation. I don’t expect everyone to be a dyed in the wool communist-socialist, I don’t expect everyone to like the FSLN movement, but I do know that people in the global south who are not communists side with the government on this cause because they understand that the crime they have committed is that of putting the interest of the nation before that of the empire.

We must not lose sight of the fact that the US then and now has it out for Nicaragua, Venezuela, Cuba and Bolivia as it relates to this hemisphere and that any action which these nations take as it relates to national security and justice must be viewed though that lens or with that fact in mind. To pretend that we live in a Utopia where violence can be eschewed and our violent and well-funded opponents can have the same rights as the masses is naïve and to practice such policies would have seen the Bolivarian revolution rolled back, the Cuban revolution strangled and the FSLN revolution decapitated, destroying the true and tangible changes which they have brought to their nations such as food security (Nicaragua), one million houses (Venezuela), and a world class medical sector (Cuba).

We must stand with Nicaragua, push back on the propaganda which emanates from the US and her allies and ensure that the nation and its people are able to see their people’s revolution to its conclusion. It is funny that we are told how much of a dictator Ortega is, how he and his ‘clique’ rule with an iron fist and alone. The FSLN movement is at its heart a grassroots people’s movement which is lead in a bottom-up fashion, all decisions must be ratified by the base first before they are sent to the party executive, and the party base makes up the bulk of the politically active population and population of voting age. It is an insult to these people who through their sweat and blood won freedom, endured a counterrevolution and regained power to say that they are ruled by a dictator, these brave men and women would never accept it and they would be the first to move against anyone who sought to impose themselves as one, they the people armed ended the coup in 2018 and it is they who will guarantee the security of the revolution.

The counterrevolutionaries will fail, the Caribbean though worried will not be broken, even if its politicians are, the people will not be, they have long memories, and the scars will never heal as we remember our own dealings with the US when we had independent minded leaders. The government and people of Nicaragua must do whatever is needed to ensure that subversion is ended, and that saboteurs and coup plotters are rounded up or hounded out, this must be endorsed by everyone. We must in a united voice say that no one has the right to interfere with another country’s sovereignty and elections, no one has the right to oust another government, and no one has the right to practice imperialism, we must stand with the oppressed nations and as such we must stand with Nicaragua and the FSLN movement as they seek to continue their people’s revolution acting as living proof that another better way is indeed possible.

Time To End The Cuba Blockade

On June 23 this year, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly once again voted on a resolution which condemns the blockade on Cuba as illegal and inhumane and calls on the United States (US) to lift the blockade and other nations to ignore it. Such resolutions have been presented to the UN on an annual basis since the 90s, and each time it is brought to the floor it has been overwhelmingly accepted by the member nations. In spite of this, the blockade against Cuba remains and has in fact been intensified over the past five years.

The illegal blockade of Cuba is 60 years old. It has spanned 2 – 3 generations robbing Cuba of billions of dollars and has cost the lives of people who have succumbed to things which could have been dealt with or dealt with better but for the blockade. It has forced the country to make do with obsolete material and placed it in a position of having to pay above and beyond market prices to access materials as companies are wary of engaging in trade with the island without a large guarantee, lest they be frozen out of the US markets through secondary sanctions.

What crimes have the Cuban people committed which have seen them suffer over 60 years of crippling sanctions and embargos? What grave action has this island, home to some 11 million people, done to deserve this treatment which, according to the UN, must only be used on pariah nations? The ‘crime’, as we all know, or should know, is that of wanting independence, seeking a path other than the US dominated imperialist one, and the promotion of solidarity through sharing the expertise of its doctors, engineers, and teachers. Cuba’s ‘crime’ ultimately is that it is a socialist nation, living proof that Socialism, rather than being the barbarous caricature drawn up by the west, is a humane endeavour with the real potential of uplifting nations.

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Beware Those NGOs

Jamaica, like most third world countries, is awash with many NGOs. These organisations run the gamut from advocating transparency, gender rights, LGBTI rights, Black rights and so on and more often than not are extremely visible and well-funded. They are often seen engaging with the State, pressuring the State or putting on workshops so as to ‘better inform’ the citizenry, an action which is something that, on the face of it, no well-thinking person can object to.

So, in the end, what is wrong with these organisations, what is wrong with these groups doing what can only be described as credible work in canvassing, engaging and educating citizens?

On the face of it, nothing. In an ideal world such actions and groups would, without thought, be greeted with open arms and the general call would be made to engage them. We unfortunately don’t live in utopia, and the groups which, on the face of it, promote good, decent issues and even publish half decent work are almost always compromised and in such a critical way that it makes any good work they were doing immaterial and marks them as enemies of people truly seeking a lasting change — a change which can only be achieved through defeating imperialism.

Groups such as the NIA, CAPRI and many others may do ‘decent work’, but publishing a report, for example highlighting poverty in Jamaica and ways to solve it are made meaningless and suspect when the group doing it not only accepts money from entities such as USAID or the British and EU equivalent, but promotes State Department talking points and agents who overthrow democratically elected governments seeking to implement the very same measures laid out in the reports. It is pointless demanding greater transparency and more democratic process if your financial and political muscle comes from a group which has as its agenda the destruction of movements and parties seeking to enact such laws.

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Lambert Brown, Jungle Justice And The Failing Jamaican State

“Where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails, and where any one class is made to feel that society is an organized conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them, neither persons nor property will be safe.”  — Frederick Douglass

Justice delayed is justice denied.” — William Ewart Gladstone

I understand. You found paradise in America. You had a good trade, you made a good living. The police protected you and there were courts of law. So you didn’t need a friend like me. Now you come and say “Don Corleone, give me justice.” But you don’t ask with respect. You don’t offer friendship. You don’t even think to call me “Godfather.” You come into my house on the day my daughter is to be married and you ask me to do murder – for money.‘ — Mario Puzo’s ‘The Godfather’

In recent weeks middle- and upper-class Jamaica were aghast at comments that Senator Lambert Brown made in the Senate. The statement, which came shortly after Khanice Jackson’s murder and the alleged abuse meted out by a government MP on his partner were ‘If somebody violates my daughter, or my sisters, or my wife, or when my mother was alive, my mother, if I have to walk to the ‘William’ (gallows), I would walk proudly, knowing that the honour of my family was held high and restored… So I don’t need a lawyer once the jungle justice, in the absence of the rule of law, kicks in’.

The reactions to the comment ran along the lines of he as a senator should not be saying such things, that such statements should not be made on the Senate floor, a space for cerebral debating, and that such comments only spur the attitude we have in this country of taking matters into our own hands.

While I understand the calls for and subsequent withdrawal by Brown, I cannot help but think that yet again we — primarily the Senate and Parliament — have missed what could have been used as a learning tool and an avenue towards legal and policing reforms. Instead, we were met with pearl clutching and howls of disgust from ivory towers.

Now, what Brown said was crass, but it is logical and is something which we all know to be true. To be even crasser about it still, it is an action most, if not all people, would take in the event that the legal avenues are closed or openly obstructed. We see this in literature which always imitates life, and the greatest illustration is given to us in Mario Puzo’s book The Godfather when the mortician who ignores Don Vito, as he wants to live a normal legal American life, is forced to go to the Don and ask him to murder people for him after his daughter was raped and beaten by two boys who got off due to political links.

The concept which Brown raised is not new. Again, it is logical to engage in vendettas and feuds when there is no hope for justice, when access to said justice is beyond one’s means and one is ground into a state of ignorance. This is where the State steps in with its awesome powers of social control and the sole legitimate monopoly on violence, to play the role of ensuring that justice is dispensed or, at the very least, seen to be dished out, and that is the conversation which our media and political classes refuse to engage in or even think about…

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